LLCs and LLPs

Allocating LLC recourse debts

Regulations remove basis benefit for an LLC member when circumstances indicate a plan to circumvent or avoid debt payment obligation.

Dissolution of an LLC

Procedures for concluding the affairs of the LLC should be included in the operating agreement.

Liquidation of an LLC

Rules regarding gain or loss on liquidation are a major reason for formation as an LLC rather than as a corporation.

Debt Modification Issues for LLCs

Practitioners should be familiar with the cancellation-of-debt rules to ensure that modifications of an LLC's debts are not significant enough to cause the members to recognize income.

Changing an LLC’s Tax Year

An LLC's required year can change for several reasons. A change in the LLC's required year is treated as automatically approved by the IRS.

Active Members of an Investment Adviser LLC Are Subject to Self-Employment Tax

The IRS Office of Chief Counsel determined that actively working members of an investment management company formed as a limited liability company were not limited partners within the meaning of Sec. 1402(a)(13), and, thus, their net distributive shares of management fee income were subject to self-employment tax.

The Limited Liability Company Basis Limitation

Under Sec. 704(d), a member's allocable share of loss from a limited liability company (LLC) taxed as a partnership is deductible only to the extent of the member's outside basis in his or her LLC interest at the end of the LLC year. In determining a member's outside basis at year end, adjustments for increases and decreases are made in a specific order according to Regs. Sec. 1.704-1(d)(2).

Contributing Intangible Property to an LLC

While there usually is little difficulty in determining whether a contribution to a limited liability company consists of property, questions can arise when a contribution could be characterized as property created by a person’s services or services that create property for the LLC’s benefit.

Newsletter Articles

TAX REFORM

Traps for the unwary: Tax Cuts and Jobs Act changes

By now many of us are familiar with the various provisions of the law known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), P.L. 115-97. Here is a list of changes together with (perhaps) unexpected nuances.

DEDUCTIONS

Qualified business income deduction regs. and other guidance issued

The package includes final regulations, guidance on how to calculate W-2 wages, a safe-harbor rule for rental real estate businesses, and new proposed rules on the treatment of previously suspended losses.