Basis

Current developments in partners and partnerships

This article reviews and analyzes recent rulings and decisions involving partnerships and discusses developments in partnership formation, debt and income allocations, distributions, and basis adjustments.

The function of basis

A partner’s basis is key to determining the application of loss limitations and the recognition of gain or loss on partnership distributions and dispositions of partnership interests.

Basis for “Bad Boys”

Including “bad boy” provisions in loan agreements is a common practice to protect the lender in the commercial real estate finance industry.

The Limited Liability Company Basis Limitation

Under Sec. 704(d), a member's allocable share of loss from a limited liability company (LLC) taxed as a partnership is deductible only to the extent of the member's outside basis in his or her LLC interest at the end of the LLC year. In determining a member's outside basis at year end, adjustments for increases and decreases are made in a specific order according to Regs. Sec. 1.704-1(d)(2).

Partnership Basis Rules Proposed

The IRS issued proposed regulations providing guidance on the application of Sec. 704(c)(1)(C) added by the American Jobs Creation Act and the amendments to the mandatory basis adjustment rules of Sec. 743 in the AJCA.

Sec. 754 and Ground Leases

A partnership making an optional Sec. 754 basis adjustment for land subject to a long-term ground lease is permitted to adjust the basis of the land but may not allocate the basis adjustment to buildings or other depreciable assets the lessee constructed.

Split Widens as Courts Hold Basis Overstatement Is Not Income Omission

The ongoing controversy over whether a taxpayer’s overstatement of basis triggers a six-year statute of limitation period continues as the Fourth Circuit and Fifth Circuit both held within days of each other that the extended period does not apply. These decisions are at odds with a Seventh Circuit opinion issued in January and with regulations finalized in December.

Newsletter Articles

TAX REFORM

Traps for the unwary: Tax Cuts and Jobs Act changes

By now many of us are familiar with the various provisions of the law known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), P.L. 115-97. Here is a list of changes together with (perhaps) unexpected nuances.

DEDUCTIONS

Qualified business income deduction regs. and other guidance issued

The package includes final regulations, guidance on how to calculate W-2 wages, a safe-harbor rule for rental real estate businesses, and new proposed rules on the treatment of previously suspended losses.